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Cardiology - Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Care

Terms you HEAR when you NEED this SPECIALTY

Heartcare, Heart Disease, Bypass Surgery, Vascular Disease, Cardiac Care, Cardiac Diseases, Rheumatic Heart Diseases, Ischemic Heart Disease, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Arrythmia, Pacemaker, Blocked arteries, Cardiac Stenting. Carotid Arteries, Arterial Aneurysms, Heart Attack, Cardiac Arrest, Pain in the Right Arm, Chest Pain, Hole in The heart, LVAD, Valve Repair, Valve Replacement, Triscupid, Mitral, Aortic Valves, Angiogram / Angiography, CABG, PTCA, Cath Lab, MVR, VSD, ASD, AVR, DVR, Ventricular Disease, ICD Device, Heart Transplant, LVEF Low, Cholestrol Imbalance, Fat Deposits, Myocardiac, Coronoray, Dyspnea, Plaqued Arteries


The term cardiology is derived from the Greek words “cardia,” which refers to the heart and “logy” meaning “study of.” Cardiology is a branch of medicine that concerns diseases and disorders of the heart, which may range from congenital defects through to acquired heart diseases such as coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure.

Physicians who specialize in cardiology are called cardiologists and they are responsible for the medical management of various heart diseases. Cardiac surgeons are the specialist physicians who perform surgical procedures to correct heart disorders

There are various types of Cardiologists

  1. Cardiac Physicians
  2. CTVS Surgeons - Cardiothoracis and Vascuar Surgeons
  3. Interventional Cardiologists
  4. Electrophysiologists
  5. Paediatric cardiologists



Pictorial Description of Heart with Labelled

When do you need a Cardiologist?

  • Your Family Doctor Suggests that see a Cardiologist
  • Chest / Heart pain—this is the first Symptom that should ring the alarm bell. See your family Physician to recommend you to a Cardiologist.
  • History of Heart Disease in Family—If anyone in your family has or has had heart problems,
  • Cholestrol – The killer Bee in today’sworld. It is a waxy, fat-like substance that occurs naturally in all parts of the body. Our Liver makes Cholestrol needed by the body and Rest comes from the foods we eat. Our Body needs Cholestrol for Proper Functioning. The Concept is that it needs to be just appropriate not more or less. You need to get regular LIPID profile tests done to summarize your cholesterol There are two main types of cholesterol :HDL stands for high-density lipoproteins. It is called the "good" cholesterol because it carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Your liver then removes the cholesterol from your body.LDL stands for low-density lipoproteins. It is called the "bad" cholesterol because a high LDL level leads to a build up of cholesterol in your arteries. This build up is called PLAQUE which sticks to the arteries to cause a Heart AttackHigh levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase your risk of heart disease. Your cholesterol levels tend to rise as you get older. There are usually no signs or symptoms that you have high blood cholesterol, but it can be detected with a blood test.Blood Pressure —You have high blood pressure.
  • Are or were a smoker—Smoking is a huge risk factor for heart disease. It lowers the flow of oxygen to the heart and increases blood pressure, heart rate, and blood clotting as well as damages the cells lining the arteries.
  • Diabetic—Unfortunately diabetes can contribute to heart disease. If you experience symptoms of heart problems and are diabetic, you should see a cardiologist.
  • Difficult pregnancy or Preeclampsia—Preeclampsia is often a hidden risk factor for heart disease..
  • Age Related Over exercising —You are over the age of 40 and starting a new exercise program. Ensure that you are in constant touch with Your family doctor when Starting
  • Gum disease—Believe it or not, gum disease can happen when the body is inflamed. Patients with swollen gums often have heart disease.



 familiar symptoms of heart diseases like heart attack or stroke. There are other symptoms of heart disease as well, however, to be aware of:

  • Severe pressure, squeezing, pain, or discomfort in the chest
  • Pain or discomfort that spreads into the shoulders, neck, arms, or jaw
  • Chest pain that isn’t relieved by rest
  • Chest pain combined with the following symptoms:
  • Sweating, cool, clammy skin, and/or paleness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or fainting or Shortness of Breath
  • Unexplained weakness or fatigue
  • Rapid or irregular pulse
  • Pain in the jaw, neck, upper back, and/or chest




Orthopedics & Traumatology

Joint Replacement

Neurology & Neurosurgery

IVF - In Viftro Fertilization

ENT - Ear Nose and Throat

Pediatric Cardiology

Oncology & Bone Marrow Transplant

HepatoBilliary & Liver Transplant

Endocrinology - Diabetes

Spine Surgery

Nephrology & Kidney(Renal) Transplant

Opthalmology - Eyecare

Urology & Urosurgery

Gastroenterology & GI Surgery

Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery


Cosmetic / Plastic Surgery

Sports Medicine


Gynecology & Obstetrics


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